What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease develops as the result of the process of gums inflammation that can progress in deeper tissues and affect bone that supports your teeth.
In the process, the gums become red, get swollen and start bleeding. It is a slow low-grade infection that compromises your body’s immune system and may trigger other health conditions.
Often, in its early stages, the disease can be easily reversed with daily brushing and flossing, as well as routine cleaning procedures at your dental hygienist office. Fortunately, gum disease is easy to identify and treat at early stages.
There are a few stages of gum disease:
Inflammation of the gums characterized by changes in color, swollen gums, and presents if bleeding. There is usually no discomfort, minimal sensitivity or pain, and possible exudate. There are different types of gingivitis:
- Associated with dental plaque only
- Modified by systemic factors
- Modified by medications
- Modified by malnutrition and others
Mostly happen when left gingivitis untreated and in a time inflammation progress to deeper tissues like ligaments and bone. Bacteria and toxins under gums stimulating chronic inflammation is slowly destroying all periodontium that supports teeth. Periodontitis can be aggressive, chronic and necrotizing.
- Early periodontitis-when gingival inflammation progress deeper into the periodontal structure and alveolar bone crest with a slight bone loss.
- Moderate periodontitis– more advanced deep inflammation that involves the destruction of periodontal structure(supporting bone and soft tissues), possibly accompanied with slight teeth mobility.
- Advanced periodontitis – characterized by progression of major bone loss, severe inflammation of gums and as result increased teeth mobility and furcations involvement.
Gum Disease Prevention
As the Gum Disease is caused by the spread of bacteria the easiest ways to prevent it are:
- regular teeth cleaning
- professional scaling
If plaque is not removed from teeth with the daily brushing and flossing it turns into tartar which becomes rough and retentive surface help father build up of plaque and hard deposits.
You can examine your gums regularly – if you see the signs of swelling and if you noticed gum bleeding it is definitely the time to have your hygienist look at it.
During the regular checkups, your Hygienist will be able to identify the early stages of gum disease, help to improve your oral hygiene based on your needs and recommend the right market products to use.
What are the common treatments for Gum Disease?
At the earlier stages, professionals use non-surgical therapies, while at later stages surgical measures might be required.
Routine dental cleaning is done by the professional dental hygienist. During a routine checkup, your hygienist will remove the buildup of plaque and tartar. As the buildup hardens on the teeth surface and above or below of the gum line it can only be removed with professional equipment.
If you have an active gum disease your dental hygienist will help you to build the right treatment plan and you will know how many time a year you need your cleaning.
With our many years of experience and friendly service, you will love visits to your hygienist. At our office, we focus on creating a place where you will feel comfortable and relaxed while getting professional service.